Excessive Estrogen Signs: Causes And Treatments: HealthifyMe

Estrogen, a gaggle of intercourse hormones produced by the physique, is essential for reproductive well being in each men and women. Whereas estrogen is often often called the “feminine” hormone and testosterone because the “male” hormone, these hormones are produced in each men and women. Usually, females are likely to make extra estrogen, whereas males have extra testosterone.

Regular estrogen ranges range for girls throughout totally different phases of life. They rise throughout puberty, decline as menopause approaches, enhance throughout ovulation, and reduce in the course of the menstrual interval. Nonetheless, persistently or excessively excessive estrogen ranges might point out underlying well being situations.

What’s Estrogen?

Estrogen is a gaggle of intercourse hormones vital for growing feminine secondary sexual traits, regulating the menstrual cycle, and sustaining the uterine lining throughout being pregnant. Though extra prevalent in females, males additionally produce small quantities of estrogen, which performs a job in total well being and reproductive perform.

In females of reproductive age, the ovaries are the first supply of estrogen. Moreover, the adrenal glands and fats tissues launch estrogen. Throughout being pregnant, the placenta, which surrounds the foetus and offers vitamins, secretes estrogen. There are three major types of estrogen:

  • Estrone (E1): Girls produce this estrogen hormone solely after menopause.
  • Estradiol (E2): That is the first estrogen hormone in nonpregnant, childbearing girls. It additionally helps fertility and contributes to mind and bone well being.
  • Estriol (E3): Throughout being pregnant, girls expertise a rise in estriol hormone.


Estrogen, important for feminine secondary sexual traits, menstrual regulation, and being pregnant, is primarily produced by the ovaries in reproductive-age girls. Whereas extra widespread in females, males additionally produce some estrogen, influencing total well being and replica. Throughout being pregnant, the placenta releases estrogen. Three key kinds embrace Estrone (produced solely after menopause), Estradiol (for fertility and total well being), and Estriol (throughout being pregnant).

Regular Estrogen Ranges in Girls and Males

Estriol is usually nearly undetectable besides throughout being pregnant, so healthcare professionals measure blood estrogen ranges by contemplating estrone and estradiol. Whereas estrogen ranges might range primarily based on intercourse assigned at delivery, age, and different elements, estrone and estradiol usually fall inside the following ranges:

Class Estrone ( pg/mL) Estradiol ( pg/mL)
Prepubescent girls undetectable–29 undetectable–20
Pubescent girls 10–200 undetectable–350
Premenopausal grownup girls 17–200 30–400
Postmenopausal grownup girls 7–40 30–400
Prepubescent males undetectable–16 pg/ml undetectable–13 pg/ml
Pubescent males undetectable–60 pg/ml undetectable–40 pg/ml
Grownup males 10–60  10–50

Signs of Excessive Estrogen

Excessive estrogen ranges can manifest with various signs from individual to individual. It’s essential to recognise that in males, excessive estrogen can manifest as issues like poor sperm high quality, breast enlargement, and erectile dysfunction. In the meantime, widespread signs in girls might embrace:

Temper Swings

Should you begin having temper swings, it might point out that estrogen is larger than progesterone. A pointy decline in progesterone triggers premenstrual signs similar to temper modifications or postpartum melancholy. If low progesterone partially causes your excessive estrogen, you may expertise temper swings, anxiousness, panic assaults, and melancholy. 

Migraines or Extreme Complications

Complications throughout menstrual cycles are a typical prevalence that the majority girls undergo. It’s a results of the fluctuation of estrogen ranges throughout these cycles. Equally, estrogen is probably going a big issue within the growth of menstrual migraines, however its impression varies primarily based on medical historical past, age, and use of hormonal remedy.

Poor Libido 

Whereas excessive estrogen itself doesn’t immediately decrease libido, imbalances between estrogen and progesterone may have an effect on it. Some girls additionally discover their libido is decrease when experiencing different signs of excessive estrogen, like temper swings and migraines.

Hair Loss

The imbalance between estrogen and progesterone in estrogen dominance might contribute to hair loss. Progesterone naturally counteracts the hair loss results of testosterone and estrogen. When progesterone ranges are low, extra estrogen might contribute to hair loss.

Weight Achieve

Excessive estrogen and weight achieve are intently related, they usually usually affect one another in a cyclical method. Excessive estrogen ranges result in weight achieve, particularly round areas just like the breasts, stomach, hips, and thighs. Moreover, fats cells produce estrogen, though it’s a unique kind than what the ovaries produce. Estrogen from fats cells can contribute to an increase in blood ranges of estrogen, additional influencing this interconnected relationship between excessive estrogen and weight achieve.

Breast Swelling and Tenderness

Excessive estrogen ranges could make your breasts extra tender and swollen, particularly across the nipples and entrance space. It occurs as a result of hormonal modifications have an effect on your breast tissues. The elevated estrogen can change the standard of connective tissues, making them bumpy and rope-like, often called fibrocystic breast lumps.

Heavy Durations

Estrogen and progesterone are the primary hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle. Estrogen thickens the uterine lining within the first half of the cycle, offering a beneficial setting for potential implantation after conception.

Elevated estrogen ranges result in a thicker uterine lining. With out being pregnant, the thicker lining leads to a heavier interval. As estrogen performs a vital position in regulating the menstrual cycle, even a slight variation may end up in irregular intervals, inflicting them to be late or early.

Poor Sleep or Insomnia

Sustaining a stability between progesterone and estrogen is crucial for peaceable sleep. Progesterone aids in calming the thoughts, whereas estrogen retains the physique alert. When estrogen rises and progesterone decreases, it could actually disrupt sleep, resulting in emotions of tiredness, restlessness, and exhaustion. These signs might point out estrogen dominance.


Excessive estrogen ranges deliver varied signs that differ between people. Notably, in males, excessive estrogen can result in points like poor sperm high quality, breast enlargement, and erectile dysfunction. Girls generally expertise temper swings, migraines, low libido, hair loss, weight achieve in particular areas, breast tenderness, and heavier intervals on account of elevated estrogen. Sustaining estrogen stability is important for normal sleep patterns, as an increase in estrogen and a drop in progesterone might end in poor sleep, inflicting tiredness and restlessness. These signs collectively point out estrogen dominance.

Signs of Low Estrogen

Inadequate estrogen ranges, very similar to extra estrogen, may end up in hostile signs that usually resemble these of menopause. Menopause stands as the first contributor to decreased estrogen in girls, because the ovaries produce much less estrogen throughout this era. Low estrogen ranges might also contribute to an elevated danger of melancholy. Apart from menopause, varied elements can result in a lower within the manufacturing of this important intercourse hormone.

The widespread signs of low estrogen are:

  • Vaginal dryness
  • Dry pores and skin
  • Fatigue or insomnia
  • Scorching flashes
  • Night time sweats
  • Irregular intervals


Inadequate estrogen, like extra, causes menopause-like signs. Menopause reduces estrogen as ovaries produce much less. Low estrogen might heighten melancholy danger. Signs embrace vaginal dryness, dry pores and skin, fatigue, insomnia, sizzling flashes, evening sweats, and irregular intervals.

Causes of Excessive Estrogen Ranges

Estrogen dominance arises when estrogen ranges are excessively excessive in comparison with progesterone. It’s essential to notice that this doesn’t all the time suggest regular progesterone ranges with larger estrogen. Typically, abnormally low progesterone ranges can result in estrogen dominance.

The physique can naturally expertise excessive estrogen ranges. For instance, estrogen fluctuates all through the menstrual cycle, reaching its peak in the midst of the cycle. Nonetheless, extreme estrogen also can come up from taking particular medicines or different well being situations. These might embrace:

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) 

In PCOS, girls overproduce estrogen, resulting in estrogen dominance. Extended publicity to excessive estrogen ranges might excessively thicken the endometrium, elevating the danger of endometrial most cancers. PCOS is characterised not solely by excessive estrogen ranges but additionally by heightened ranges of testosterone and insulin, which collectively contribute to the manifestation of all signs.

As a consequence of an extra of androgens, girls with PCOS generally face a hormonal imbalance that stops ovulation, often called anovulation. Within the absence of ovulation, there isn’t a empty follicle to supply progesterone, leading to an imbalance the place estrogen is extreme in comparison with little or no progesterone.

Take management of your PCOS signs with HealthifyMe’s modern PCOS plan. Our program presents customized weight-reduction plan and exercise plans, in addition to devoted pro-coach help, and a wise scale to watch metabolic well being indicators. With our complete method, you may handle your signs successfully and really feel your finest. Click on right here to know extra.

Weight problems

Extreme fats cells in girls might result in anovulation, the place extra estrogen ranges act as a type of “pure” contraception, stopping ovulation. With out ovulation, no progesterone is produced, probably inflicting an imbalance with extra estrogen relative to progesterone.

Adipose tissue can contribute as much as 100% of circulating estrogen in postmenopausal girls and 50% of circulating testosterone in premenopausal girls. Due to this fact, rising fats mass or adipose tissue in weight problems results in larger estrogen ranges. This impact is extra prevalent in overweight postmenopausal girls.

Ovarian Most cancers

Ovarian most cancers happens when ovarian cells bear uncontrolled progress, forming tumours. Because the ovaries produce hormones like estrogen and progesterone, ovarian most cancers can negatively have an effect on the manufacturing ranges of those hormones.

Girls with ovarian most cancers exhibit larger ranges of estrogen-DNA adducts, that are websites the place DNA binds to estrogen molecules. The excessive ratio of estrogen-DNA adducts to estrogen metabolites signifies an imbalance in estrogen metabolism, usually leading to extra estrogen ranges.

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)

Throughout your IVF cycle, taking estrogen, usually within the type of Estrace, is a typical apply. It helps stimulate egg progress or, throughout a frozen embryo switch, thickens the uterine lining to reinforce embryo implantation probabilities. Due to this fact, you’ll expertise excessive estrogen ranges throughout IVF remedy.

IVF stimulation results in elevated estrogen ranges, with blood ranges in a typical IVF process starting from 5,000–15,000 pmol/L, averaging about 9,000–10,000 pmol/L. It’s roughly ten occasions larger than in an everyday menstrual cycle.


Age considerably influences varied hormones. In ageing males and people assigned male at delivery (AMAB), testosterone ranges naturally decline, accompanied by an increase in estrogen ranges.

Elevated Aromatase

Relying on life-style or underlying well being elements, your physique may produce a better focus of the aromatase enzyme, often called aromatase overexpression. Extra ranges of this enzyme in males end in extra testosterone conversion into estrogen, lowering testosterone ranges and rising estradiol ranges.


Elements like PCOS and weight problems contribute to estrogen imbalance. In PCOS, extreme estrogen and hormonal imbalances can result in signs and elevated endometrial most cancers danger. Weight problems, particularly in postmenopausal girls, will increase estrogen on account of fats cells. Ovarian most cancers negatively impacts estrogen manufacturing. IVF therapies contain elevated estrogen ranges, aiding in embryo implantation. Ageing influences declining testosterone and rising estrogen ranges. Way of life elements can enhance aromatase enzymes, changing extra testosterone to estrogen and altering hormone stability.

Dangers Associated to Excessive Estrogen

Excessive estrogen ranges can have hostile results on reproductive well being, inflicting disagreeable signs and rising the danger of sure ailments.

In Girls:

  • Polyps
  • Fibroids
  • PCOS
  • Endometriosis ache
  • Ovarian tumours
  • Breast most cancers
  • Uterine most cancers

In Males:

  • Dementia
  • Coronary heart illness
  • Insulin resistance
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Gynecomastia


Excessive estrogen ranges pose dangers to reproductive well being, resulting in hostile results and elevated illness susceptibility. In girls, it results in situations like polyps, fibroids, PCOS, endometriosis ache, ovarian tumours, breast most cancers, and uterine most cancers. Males might expertise dementia, coronary heart illness, insulin resistance, erectile dysfunction, and gynecomastia on account of excessive estrogen ranges.

Methods to Keep Regular Estrogen Ranges

Estrogen dominance is a typical expertise in most ladies, and there are a number of methods to establish and deal with it. If managing your estrogen ranges signifies a necessity for additional care, HealthifyMe’s personalised method connects you with vetted remedy choices. It guides you on the subsequent steps for regaining hormonal stability. With HealthifyMe, you may have one-on-one consultations with licensed nutritionists and well being coaches to deal with your well being considerations. They’ll assess your signs and counsel potential steps, similar to dietary or life-style changes.

Handle Weight Successfully

Sustaining a wholesome weight is essential for managing estrogen ranges. As physique fats decreases, the general manufacturing of estrogen decreases. Moreover, sustaining a wholesome weight results in improved reproductive well being. HealthifyMe’s calorie trackers and personalised weight administration applications can assist you obtain a calorie stability that helps weight reduction and helps management hormonal fluctuations.

Keep a Wholesome Weight-reduction plan

If in case you have PCOS, you have to make some dietary modifications to assist weight reduction and stability hormone manufacturing. These might contain lowering processed meals, choosing extra plant-based meals over purple meat, rising entire grain consumption whereas chopping again on refined carbs, limiting unhealthy fat, incorporating extra fibre, and following a Mediterranean consuming plan. 

HealthifyMe’s meals monitoring and Snap function lets you make knowledgeable selections and choose more healthy choices. These changes goal to help total well being and handle the signs related to PCOS.

Surgical procedure

Estrogen-sensitive most cancers, like sure breast cancers, may require an oophorectomy or eradicating the ovaries. It helps induce surgical menopause since ovaries are a major supply of estrogen, and their removing decreases estrogen ranges. Nonetheless, most circumstances usually are not cancer-related and often don’t require surgical procedure. 


HealthifyMe presents personalised options for managing estrogen ranges, connecting you with vetted therapies and guiding steps for hormonal stability. One-on-one consultations with licensed nutritionists present insights into dietary and life-style changes. Weight administration applications and calorie trackers assist obtain a stability supporting weight reduction. Dietary modifications help PCOS by lowering processed meals and incorporating more healthy choices. 

HealthifyMe Suggestion

Should you’re trying to handle excessive estrogen ranges by weight-reduction plan, contemplate the next ideas. Eat extra fibre because it helps to take away extra estrogen from the physique. Embrace loads of fruits, greens, entire grains, and legumes in your weight-reduction plan. Restrict processed meals because it usually comprise components and preservatives that may disrupt hormonal stability. Embrace wholesome fat in your weight-reduction plan frequently. Omega-3 fatty acids, present in fish like salmon and in nuts and seeds, can assist help hormone stability. Alcohol can intrude with estrogen metabolism. Limiting your alcohol consumption can assist handle estrogen ranges. Keep hydrated, consuming loads of water can assist help total hormone stability and make sure that your physique can successfully get rid of extra estrogen.

The Last Phrase

Estrogen, a significant intercourse hormone in each men and women, performs a vital position in reproductive well being. Whereas its ranges naturally fluctuate, persistently excessive estrogen might sign underlying well being points. Understanding the signs, causes, and cures for prime estrogen is crucial. 

It’s important to seek the advice of healthcare professionals for steering tailor-made to particular person wants. HealthifyMe presents personalised approaches, together with weight administration, dietary modifications, and medical interventions, to assist people obtain hormonal stability. 

Disclaimer: The aim of this text is simply to disperse information and lift consciousness. It doesn’t intend to exchange medical recommendation from professionals. For additional data, please contact our licensed nutritionists Right here.

Analysis Sources

The complicated relationship between estrogen and migraines: a scoping overview

Degree of Estrogen in Females—The Totally different Impacts at Totally different Life Levels

Weight problems, estrogens, and adipose tissue dysfunction – implications for pulmonary arterial hypertension

Steadily Requested Questions (FAQs)

Q: What occurs when estrogen ranges are excessive?

A: When estrogen ranges are excessive, you could expertise heavier or irregular intervals, fertility points, and endometriosis. It could additionally contribute to signs like breast tenderness, temper swings, and migraines.

Q: What causes excessive estrogen ranges?

A: Excessive estrogen ranges can happen naturally or be induced by sure medicines and well being situations. Elements like hormonal imbalance from hormone alternative remedy or in vitro fertilisation (IVF), estrogen-producing tumours like ovarian most cancers, and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) can result in an extra of estrogen in comparison with progesterone.

Q: The way to decrease excessive estrogen?

A: Common train helps keep balanced estradiol ranges. Moreover, lowering physique fats, managing stress, limiting alcohol consumption, and adopting a nutritious diet are efficient methods for reducing estrogen ranges.

Q: How do you inform if a lady has excessive estrogen?

A: A girl with excessive estrogen might expertise breast tenderness, complications, weight achieve, gentle or heavy menstrual bleeding, decreased intercourse drive, and emotions of melancholy or anxiousness. Typically, it could actually additionally result in extreme indicators like fibrocystic lumps within the breasts and noncancerous tumours (fibroids) within the uterus.

Q: The way to check for prime estrogen ranges?

A: A blood check is a typical option to verify for prime estrogen ranges. Different approaches, similar to urine or saliva evaluation, may also be tried.

Q: Can estrogen trigger hypertension?

A: Sure, excessive estrogen ranges can result in hypertension on account of hormone imbalance. It often happens throughout being pregnant or on account of hormone alternative remedy.

Q: How do you deal with excessive estrogen ranges naturally?

A: Common train is a dependable technique for conserving estradiol ranges in verify. Decreasing physique fats, managing stress, limiting alcohol consumption, and adopting a nutritious diet are additionally efficient methods to cut back estrogen ranges.

Q: How does excessive estrogen impression menstrual cycles and fertility?

A: Extreme estrogen might result in irregular intervals, disrupt the conventional ovulation course of, and cut back the probabilities of conception. It could additionally worsen PCOS, elevating the danger of endometriosis. Nonetheless, there are acceptable interventions to revive hormonal stability and enhance reproductive well being.

Q: Can I get pregnant with excessive estrogen ranges?

A: Having excessive estrogen ranges can have an effect on fertility and should make ovulation irregular, lowering the probabilities of conception. Nonetheless, it doesn’t imply you may’t get pregnant. Should you’re attempting to get pregnant, seek the advice of a healthcare skilled for steering on enhancing fertility by life-style changes or medical help.

Q: Does a high-fat weight-reduction plan enhance estrogen?

A: Sure, consuming lots of fats can elevate estrogen ranges in your physique. It could trigger hormonal imbalances and have an effect on your menstrual cycles and fertility. Consuming a balanced weight-reduction plan helps keep fascinating estrogen ranges and helps total well-being.

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